-






Select a Location:

Genus Species
Common Names - 199 Found in Rio Grande Valley
Images
Acanthaceae Acanthus Family
Carlowrightia parviflora Synonyms: Dianthera parviflora, Drejera parviflora
Common Names: Smallflower Wrightwort
Justicia pacifica (Oerst.) Hemsl. Synonyms: Adhatoda furcata, Adhatoda furcata var. terminalis, Justicia caudata, Justicia furcata, Justicia runyonii
Common Names: Runyons Water-Willow
Justicia pilosella Synonyms: Adhatoda dipteracantha, Monechma pilosella, Siphonoglossa dipteracantha, Siphonoglossa greggii, Siphonoglossa pilosella
Common Names: Greggs Tube Tongue, Hairy Tubetongue,False Honeysuckle
Justicia spicigera Schltdl. Synonyms:
Common Names: Mexican Honeysuckle, Firecracker Bush, Moyotle, Moyotli, Mohintli, Muicle, Trompetilla
Ruellia nudiflora var. runyonii Synonyms: Ruellia runyonii, Ruellia runyonii var Berlandieri
Common Names: Runyons Wild Petunia
Agavaceae Century-Plant Family
Agave lophantha (A. univittata) Synonyms:
Common Names: Thorn-crested Agave, Big Lechuguilla
Yucca treculeana Carrière Synonyms:
Common Names: Spanish Dagger, Spanish Bayonet, Don Quixotes Lance, Palma Pita, Palma de Datil, Palmito, Yucca
Alismataceae Water-Plantain Family
Echinodorus berteroi (Spreng.) Fassett Synonyms: Alisma rostrata Nutt., Alisma rostratum Nutt., Echinodorus berteroi var. lanceolatus (Engelm. ex S. Watson & J.M. Coult.) Fassett, Echinodorus rostratus (Nutt.) Engelm, Echinodorus rostratus var. lanceolatus Engelm. ex S. Watson & J.M. Coult.
Common Names: Upright Burrhead, Beaked Burhead, Cellophane Sword
Sagittaria longiloba Synonyms: Sagittaria greggii
Common Names: Arrowhead, Longbarb Arrowhead, Flecha de Agua
Amaranthaceae Amaranth Family
Iresine palmeri Synonyms:
Common Names: Palmers Bloodleaf,
Anacardiaceae Cashew or Sumac Family
Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi Synonyms:
Common Names: Brazilian Peppertree, Christmas Berry, Florida Holly, Broad Leaf Pepper Tree, Aroeira
Apocynaceae Dogbane Family
Funastrum cynanchoides Synonyms:
Common Names: Climbing Milkweed, Fringed Twinevine
Araucariaceae Araucaria Family
Araucaria heterophylla (Salisb.) Franco Synonyms:
Common Names: Norfolk Island Pine
Arecaceae Palm Family
Sabal mexicana Mart. Synonyms: Inodes exul, Inodes texana, Sabal exul, Sabal texana
Common Names: Texas Sabal Palm, Texas Palm, Texas Palmetto, Mexican Palm, Mexican Palmetto, Rio Grande Palmetto, Victoria Palmetto, Palma de Micharos, Apachite
Asclepiadaceae Milkweed Family
Asclepias tuberosa L. Synonyms:
Common Names: Butterflyweed, Butterfly Milkweed, Orange Milkweed, Pleurisy Root, Chigger Flower
Matelea reticulata Synonyms: Gonolobus reticulatus
Common Names: Pearl Milkweed Vine, Pearl Net Leaf Milkweed Vine, Green Milkweed Vine, Net Vein Milkvine, Netted Milkvine
Asteraceae Aster Family
Acourtia wrightii Synonyms: Perezia wrightii
Common Names: Pink Perezia, Brownfoot
Baccharis neglecta Britton Synonyms:
Common Names: Rooseveltweed, False Willow, Jara Dulce, Poverty Weed, New Deal Weed, Dry-Land Willow
Bidens pilosa L. Synonyms: Bidens odorata Cav., Bidens pilosa L. var. bimucronata (Turcz.) Sch. Bip., Bidens pilosa L. var. minor (Blume) Sherff, Bidens pilosa L. var. pilosa
Common Names: Beggartick, Burmarigold, Spanish Needle, Hairy Beggarticks, Fragrant Beggar Tick
Borrichia frutescens (L.) DC. Synonyms:
Common Names: Sea Ox-eye Daisy, Bushy Seaside Tansy, Ox-eye Daisy, Sea Daisy
Calyptocarpus vialis Synonyms: Synedrella vialis, Synedrellopsis grisebachii
Common Names: Horseherb, Straggler Daisy, Hierba Del Caballo, Lawnflower
Centaurea americana Nutt. Synonyms: Plectocephalus americanus
Common Names: American Basket-Flower, American Star-Thistle, Basket-Flower, Star Thistle, Shaving Brush, Tecolote
Chromolaena odorata Synonyms: Eupatorium odoratum, Osmia odorata
Common Names: Crucita, Blue Mistflower, Fragrant Mistflower, Blue Boneset, Fragrant Boneset, Jack in the Bush, Siam Weed, Common Flossflower, Christmas Bush, Devilweed, Triffid
Cirsium texanum Buckley Synonyms:
Common Names: Texas Thistle
Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronquist Synonyms:
Common Names: Horseweed, Canadian Horseweed, Canadian Fleabane, Fleabane
Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt. Synonyms:
Common Names: Golden Tickseed, Goldenwave, Plains Coreopsis, Calliopsis, Tickseed
Eclipta prostrata Synonyms: Eclipta alba, Eclipta erecta L., Eclipta longifolia, Eclipta parviflora,. Eclipta thermalis, Eclipta zippeliana, Verbesina alba, Verbesina prostrata
Common Names: False Daisy, Eclipta, Hierba Prieta; Yerba-de-Tago
Erigeron procumbens Synonyms: Aster procumbens, Erigeron myrionactis, Erigeron repens
Common Names: Corpus Christi Feabane, Prostrate Fleabane, Fleabane
Gaillardia pulchella Foug. Synonyms:
Common Names: Indian Blanket, Blanket Flower, Firewheel, Girasol Rojo
Helenium microcephalum Synonyms:
Common Names: Smallhead Sneezeweed,
Helianthus annuus L. Synonyms: Helianthus annuus ssp. jaegeri, Helianthus annuus ssp. lenticularis, Helianthus annuus ssp. texanus, Helianthus annuus var. lenticularis, Helianthus annuus var. macrocarpus, Helianthus annuus var. texanus, Helianthus aridus, Helianthus lenticularis
Common Names: Common Sunflower
Mikania scandens Synonyms:
Common Names: Climbing Hempweed
Neonesomia palmeri Synonyms: Xylothamia palmeri, Ericameria austrotexana
Common Names: Texas Desert Goldenrod, Palmers Goldenweed, False Broomweed, Texas Goldenweed
Palafoxia texana DC. Synonyms:
Common Names: Texas Palafox, Texas Doubtful Palafoxia, Palafoxia
Parthenium hysterophorus L. Synonyms: Parthenium lobatum Buckley
Common Names: Santa Maria Feverfew, Santa-Maria, Whitetop Weed, Famine Weed, Congress Grass, Congress Weed, Altamisa, Carrot Grass, Bitter Weed, Star weed, White top, Wild feverfew, Ajenjo cimarron, Amargosa, Camalote, Escoba amarga, Hierba amargosa, Istafiate, Requeson
Phyla fruticosa (Mill.) Kennedy Synonyms: Lippia strigulosa, Phyla strigulosa
Common Names: Diamondleaf Fogfruit, Frogfruit
Pluchea carolinensis Synonyms: Conyza carolinensis, Conyza cortesii, Pluchea cortesii, Pluchea fosbergii, Pluchea odorata auct. non (L.) Cass., Pluchea symphytifolia
Common Names: Cure For All, Sourbush, Pluchea, Cattletongue
Pluchea odorata (L.) Cass. Synonyms:
Common Names: Sweetscent, Saltmarsh Fleabane, Camphor-weed, Sourbush, Cattle Tongue
Ratibida columnifera (nutt.) woot. & standl. Synonyms: Lepachys columnaris, Lepachys columnifera, Ratibida columnaris, Ratibida columnaris var. pulcherrima, Rudbeckia columnaris, Rudbeckia columnifera
Common Names: Mexican Hat, Red-Spike Mexican Hat, Upright Prairie Coneflower, Prairie Coneflower, Long-Headed Coneflower, Thimbleflower
Rudbeckia hirta L. Synonyms:
Common Names: Black-eyed Susan, Common Black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan
Solidago sempervirens Synonyms:
Common Names: Seaside Goldenrod
Sonchus asper Synonyms:
Common Names: Spiny Sow Thistle, Prickly Sow-Thistle, Rough Milk Thistle, Sharp-fringed Sow Thistle, Spiny-leaved Sow Thistle
Symphyotrichum subulatum (Michx.) G.L. Nesom Synonyms: Aster subulatus, Aster subulatus var. euroauster, Aster subulatus var. obtusifolius
Common Names: Saltmarsh Aster, Eastern Annual Saltmarsh Aster, Baby’s Breath Aster, Annual Aster, Blackland Aster, Hierba del Marrano
Thelesperma ambiguum A. Gray Synonyms:
Common Names: Colorado Greenthread
Thelesperma nuecense B.L. Turner Synonyms:
Common Names: Rio Grande Greenthread
Trixis inula Crantz Synonyms:
Common Names: Mexican Trixis, TropicalThreefold
Verbesina encelioides (Cav.) Benth. & Hook. f. ex A. Gray Synonyms:
Common Names: Golden Crownbeard, Cowpen Daisy, Butter Daisy, American Dogweed, Wild Sunflower, South African Daisy
Verbesina microptera Synonyms: Verbesina texana Buckley
Common Names: Frostweed, Texas Crownbeard, Mexican Winged Crown-Beard
Wedelia acapulcensis var. hispida Synonyms: Wedelia hispida, Wedelia texana, Zexmenia hispida
Common Names: Zexmenia, Orange Zexmenia, Hairy Wedelia, Wedelia, Texas Creeping-oxeye
Bignoniaceae Trumpet-Creeper Family
Macfadyena unguis-cati (L.) A.H. Gentry Synonyms: Dolichandra unguis-cati (L.) L.G.Lohmann
Common Names: Catclawvine, Claw Vine, Yellow Trumpet Vine
Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. ex Kunth Synonyms: Bignonia stans, Stenolobium stans, Tecoma stans var. angustatum
Common Names: Esperanza, Yellow Bells, Yellowbells, Yellow Trumpetbush, Yellow Trumpetflower, Trumpetbush, Trumpetflower, Yellow Elder
Boraginaceae Borage Family
Cordia boissieri A. DC. Synonyms: Lithocardium boissieri
Common Names: Mexican Olive, Texas Wild Olive, Anacahuita, Anacahuite
Ehretia anacua (Terán & Berl.) I.M. Johnst Synonyms: Ehretia elliptica, Gaza anacua
Common Names: Anacua, Sugarberry Anacua, Anaqua, Anacahuita, Knockaway, Knackaway, Sandpaper tree, Manzanita, Manzanillo, Tlalahuacate
Heliotropium angiospermum Murray Synonyms: Heliotropium parviflorum, Schobera angiosperma
Common Names: Scorpion-tail
Heliotropium indicum Synonyms:
Common Names: Indian Heliotrope, Turnsol
Bromeliaceae Airplant Family
Tillandsia baileyi Synonyms:
Common Names: Bailey Ballmoss, Reflexed Airplant, Giant Ball Moss
Cactaceae Cactus Family
Acanthocereus pentagonus L. Britton & Rose Synonyms: Acanthocereus floridanus, Acanthocereus pentagonus, Cactus tetragonus, Cereus pentagonus
Common Names: Night Blooming Cereus, Organo, Barbed-Wire Catus, Chaco,
Cylindropuntia leptocaulis (DC.) F.M. Knuth Synonyms: Opuntia leptocaulis
Common Names: Christmas Cactus, Desert Christmas Cactus, Christmas Cholla, Pencil Cholla, Garambullo, Tasadijillo, Tasajillo, Tesage, Rat-tail Cactus, Slender Stem Cactus
Hamatocactus bicolor Synonyms: Thelocactus setispinus (Engelm.)
Common Names: Twisted Rib Hedgehog Cactus, Twisted-rib Cactus
Opuntia engelmannii Synonyms: Opuntia engelmannii Salm-Dyck ex Engelm. var. alta (Griffiths) D. Weniger, Opuntia engelmannii Salm-Dyck ex Engelm. var. cacanapa (Griffiths) D. Weniger, Opuntia engelmannii Salm-Dyck ex Engelm. var. dulcis (Engelm.) Engelm. ex K. Schum., Opuntia engelmannii Salm-Dyck ex Engelm. var. texana (Griffiths) D. Weniger, Opuntia lindheimeri Engelm., Opuntia lindheimeri Engelm. var. lehmannii L.D. Benson
Common Names: Nopal, Prickly Pear, Texas Prickly Pear
Capparaceae Caper Family
Koeberlinia spinosa Synonyms:
Common Names: Allthorn, Crucifixion Thorn, Junco, Coronara de Cristo, Spiny Allthorn, Corona de Cristo, Crown of Thorns
Celastraceae Bittersweet Family
Schaefferia cuneifolia Synonyms:
Common Names: Desert Yaupon
Commelinaceae Spiderwort Family
Commelina erecta L. Synonyms:
Common Names: Whitemouth Dayflower, Widow’s Tears, Day Flower
Convolvulaceae Morning Glory Family
Ipomoea carnea Jacq. subsp. fistulosa Synonyms:
Common Names: Morning Glory Tree, Bush Morning Glory, Silver Morning Glory, Gloria de la Manana
Ipomoea amnicola Synonyms:
Common Names: Red Centered Morning Glory
Ipomoea alba L. Synonyms: Calonyction aculeatum, Ipomoea bona-nox
Common Names: Moonflower, Tropical White Morning-Glory
Ipomoea cordatotriloba Dennst Synonyms:
Common Names: Tievine, Purple Bindweed, Cotton Morning Glory, Morning Glory
Ipomoea hederacea Synonyms: Ipomoea capillacea, Ipomoea turbinata
Common Names: Blue Morning Glory, Ivy Leaved Morning Glory
Ipomoea imperati (Vahl) Griseb. Synonyms: Ipomoea stolonifera
Common Names: Beach Morning Glory
Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R. Br. Synonyms:
Common Names: Railroad Vine, Goat’s-foot morning glory, Bayhops, Beach Morning Glory
Merremia dissecta (Jacq.) Hallier f. Synonyms: Convolvulus dissectus, Ipomoea dissecta, Ipomoea sinuata, Operculina dissecta
Common Names: Alamo Vine, Noyau vine, Correhuela de las Doce, Woodrose, Hierba de la tarántula
Crassulaceae Stonecrop Family
Kalanchoe xhoughtonii Synonyms: Bryophyllum x houghtonii
Common Names: Devil’s Backbone,Mexican Hat Plant, Mother of Millions, Mother of Thousands, Good-Luck Plant
Cucurbitaceae Cucumber Family
Melothria pendula Synonyms:
Common Names: Guadeloupe Cucumber, Creeping Cucumber,
Cupressaceae Cypress Family
Taxodium mucronatum Ten. Synonyms:
Common Names: Montezuma Baldcypress, Montezuma Cypress, Mexican Cypress, Ahuehuete, Sabino, Baldcypress
Ebenaceae Ebony Family
Diospyros texana Synonyms:
Common Names: Texas Persimmon, Mexican Persimmon, Black Persimmon, Chapote, Chapote Prieto
Euphorbiaceae Spurge Family
Adelia vaseyi (J.M. Coult.) Pax & K. Hoffm. Synonyms:
Common Names: Vasey’s Adelia, Vasey Wild-lime
Bernardia myricifolia (Scheele) S. Watson Synonyms: Bernardia incana, Tyria myricifolia
Common Names: Mouse Ears, Mouse’s Eye, Oreja de Ratón
Chamaesyce nutans (Lag.) Synonyms: Chamaesyce maculata, Chamaesyce preslii, Euphorbia maculata, Euphorbia nutans, Euphorbia preslii
Common Names: Eyebane, Nodding Spurge
Croton cortesianus Kunth Synonyms:
Common Names: Cortez’s Croton
Croton humilis Synonyms: Croton berlandieri
Common Names: Low Croton, Berlandier Croton, Ycaban, Icaban, Salvia, Pepperbush, Pepper Rod
Euphorbia cyathophora Murray Synonyms: Euphorbia barbellata, Euphorbia graminifolia, Euphorbia havanensis, Euphorbia heterophylla var. barbellata, Euphorbia heterophylla var. cyathophora, Euphorbia heterophylla var. graminifolia, Poinsettia barbellata, Poinsettia cyathophora, Poinsettia cyathophora var. graminifolia, Poinsettia graminifolia, Poinsettia havanensis
Common Names: Wild Poinsettia, Poinsettia, Fire on the Mountain, Mexican Fire Plant, Painted Spurge
Ricinus communis Synonyms:
Common Names: Castor Bean, Ricin, Castor Oil Plant, Palma Christi, Wonder tree
Fabaceae Pea Family
Acacia farnesiana L. Willd Synonyms: Acacia farnesiana var. farnesiana, Acacia minuta, Acacia minuta ssp. densiflora, Acacia smallii, Mimosa farnesiana, Pithecellobium minutum, Vachellia densiflora, Vachellia farnesiana
Common Names: Huisache, Texas huisache, Sweet Acacia, Perfume Acacia, Mealy Acacia, Mealy Wattle, Cassie, Needle Bush
Bauhinia mexicana Synonyms: Bauhinia divaricata
Common Names: Mexican Orchid Tree, Goatsfoot, Bauhinia
Caesalpinia mexicana Synonyms:
Common Names: Mexican Caesalpinia, Mexican Holdback, Tabachín del Monte, Mexican Bird of Paradise, Potro
Chamaecrista fasciculata (Michx.) Greene Synonyms: Cassia chamaecrista L., Cassia fasciculata,
Common Names: Partridge Pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive Plant
Ebenopsis ebano Synonyms: Chloroleucon ebano, Mimosa ebano, Pithecellobium ebano, Pithecellobium flexicaule
Common Names: Ebony, Texas Ebony, Ebony Blackbead, Ebano, Ebony Apes-Earring
Erythrina herbacea L. Synonyms: Erythrina arborea
Common Names: Coralbean, Cardinal Spear, Redcardinal, Cherokee bean,
Eysenhardtia texana Scheele Synonyms: Eysenhardtia angustifolia
Common Names: Texas Kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee Brush, Vara Dulce, Palo Dulce
Havardia pallens Synonyms: Pithecellobium pallens
Common Names: Tenaza, Huajillo, Ape’s Ear-Ring
Leucaena leucocephala Synonyms:
Common Names: Popinac, White Leadtree, Jumbay, RiverTamarind, Subabul, White Popinac, Koa Haole
Leucaena pulverulenta Synonyms:
Common Names: Tepeguaje, Great Leadtree, Mexican Leadtree, Great Leucaena
Mimosa asperata Synonyms: Mimosa pigra var berlandieri,
Common Names: Zarza, Black Miomsa, Giant Sensitive Tree, Puerto Rico Sensitive-Briar
Mimosa latidens Synonyms: Mimosa quadrivalvis var. latidens, Morongia latidens, Schrankia latidens
Common Names: Kairn’s Sensitive-Briar, Sensitive-Briar
Parkinsonia aculeata L. Synonyms:
Common Names: Retama, Jerusalem Thorn, Paloverde, Mexican Paloverde, Horsebean, Lluvia de Oro
Parkinsonia texana (A. Gray) S. Watson Synonyms:
Common Names: Texas Paloverde, Border Paloverde, Retama China
Prosopis glandulosa Torr Synonyms:
Common Names: Honey Mesquite, Mesquite, Glandular Mesquite, Algarroba
Prosopis reptans Benth. var. cinerascens Synonyms:
Common Names: Tornillo, Dwarf Screw Bean, Screw Bean Mesquite
Senna occidentalis Synonyms: Cassia occidentalis, Cassia caroliniana, Cassia ciliata, Cassia falcata, Cassia foetida, Cassia frutescens, Cassia geminiflora, Cassia linearis, Cassia longisiliqua, Cassia obliquifolia, Cassia planisiliqua, Cassia sophera, Ditremexa occidentalis
Common Names: Coffee Senna, Septicweed, Caffecillo; Rematilla; Taperiba
Sesbania herbacea Synonyms: Sesbania exaltata, Darwinia exaltata, Sesban exaltatus, Sesbania macrocarpa
Common Names: Bigpod Sesbania, Bequilla, Hemp Sesbania, Coffee-bean, Danglepod, Coffeeweed, Colorado River-hemp, Peatree, Sesbania
Sophora secundiflora Ortega Lag ex DC Synonyms:
Common Names: Texas Mountain Laurel, Mountain Laurel, Mescal Bean, Mescal Bean Sophora, Frijolillo, Frijolito
Sophora tomentosa L. Synonyms:
Common Names: Yellow Necklacepod, Yellow Sophora, Necklace Pod, Tambalisa
Vachellia bravoensis (Isely) Seigler & Ebinger Synonyms: Acacia schaffneri var. bravoensis
Common Names: Huisachillo, Dwarf Huisache,Twisted Acacia, Schaffners Wattle, Schaffners Acacia, Tenaza Prieto Acacia, Medusa Acacia
Vigna caracalla Synonyms: Phaseolus caracalla
Common Names: Snail Vine, Caracalla Bean, Snail-Flower, Climbing Shell Vine, Corkscrew Vine, Corkscrew Flower
Vigna luteola Synonyms: Vigna nilotica, Vigna repens
Common Names: Hairypod Cowpea, Yellow Vigna
Flacourtiaceae Flacourtia Family
Xylosma flexuosa Synonyms: Flacourtia flexuosan, Myroxylon flexuosum
Common Names: Brush-holly, Coronilla, Alfilerillo
Gentianaceae Gentian Family
Eustoma exaltatum (L.) Salisb. ex G. Don Synonyms:
Common Names: Bluebell Gentian, Catchfly Prairie Gentian, Western Blue Gentian, Blue Marsh Lily, Small Bluebell, Catchfly Gentian, Seaside Gentian
Hydrophyllaceae Waterleaf Family
Phacelia patuliflora var. austrotexana Synonyms:
Common Names: South Texas Sand Scorpianweed, Waterleaf, Blue Curls
Lamiaceae Mint Family
Clinopodium brownei (Sw.) Kuntze Synonyms: Micromeria brownei (Sw.) Benth., Micromeria brownei (Sw.) Benth. var. pilosiuscula A. Gray, Micromeria pilosiuscula (A. Gray) Small, Satureja brownei (Sw.) Briq.
Common Names: Browne�s Savory
Salvia ballotiflora Benth. Synonyms: Salvia laxa
Common Names: Blue Sage, Shrubby Blue Sage, Blue Shrub Sage, Mejorana
Salvia coccinea Synonyms:
Common Names: Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood sage, Red Sage, Indian Fire
Stachys drummondii Benth. Synonyms:
Common Names: Pink Mint, Drummonds Hedgenettle
Teucrium canadense L. Synonyms:
Common Names: American Germander, Canada Germander, Canadian Germander, Germander, Hairy Germander, Wood Sage
Teucrium cubense Jacq. Synonyms:
Common Names: Coast Germander, Small Coastal Germander, White Catnip,
Liliaceae Lily Family
Cooperia drummondii Synonyms: Cooperia chlorosolen, Zephyranthes brazosensis, Zephyranthes herbertiana
Common Names: Evening Rain Llily, Evening Star Rain Lily, Lily
Lythraceae Loosestrife Family
Ammannia coccinea Synonyms: Ammannia coccinea ssp. purpurea, Ammannia teres
Common Names: Tooth Cup, Valley Redstem, Scarlet Tooth-Cup
Malpighiaceae Barbados-Cherry Family
Malpighia glabra Synonyms: Malpighia punicifolia
Common Names: Manzanita, Barbados Cherry, Wild Crapemyrtle, Acerola
Malvaceae Mallow Family
Abutilon trisulcatum (Jacq.) Urb. Synonyms:
Common Names: Anglestem Indian Mallow
Allowissadula lozanii (Rose) D.M. Bates Synonyms: Pseudabutilon lozanii
Common Names: Lozanos False Indianmallow
Bastardia viscosa (L.) Kunth Synonyms:
Common Names: Mexican Bastardia
Hibiscus martianus Zucc. Synonyms: Hibiscus cardiophyllus
Common Names: Heartleaf Rosemallow, Heart Leaf Hibiscus, Tulipan Del Monte, Mountain Rosemallow
Malvastrum americanum (L.) Torr. Synonyms: Malva spicata L., Malvastrum spicatum (L.) A. Gray
Common Names: Indian Valley False Mallow, Spiked False Mallow, Spiked Malvastrum, Spiked-Mallow, Pegajosilla[ Germplasm Resources Information Network npgsweb.ars-grin.gov}
Malvaviscus arboreus var drummondii Synonyms: Malvaviscus drummondii
Common Names: Turkscap, Turks cap, Drummonds Turkscap, Wax Mallow, Drummond Wax-mallow, Red Mallow, Texas Mallow, Mexican Apple, Manzanilla, Sleeping Hibiscus, Bleeding Hearts
Sida lindheimeri Engelm. & A. Gray Synonyms: Sida texana
Common Names: Showy Fanpetals, Lindheimers Sida
Sida spinosa Synonyms: Sida alba, Sida angustifolia, Sida spinosa var. angustifolia
Common Names: Prickly Fanpetals
Menispermaceae Moonseed Family
Cocculus diversifolius Synonyms:
Common Names: Variable Leaf Snailseed, Snailseed
Moraceae Mulberry Family
Morus alba Synonyms:
Common Names: White Mulberry
Nyctaginaceae Four O Clock Family
Pisonia aculeata L Synonyms:
Common Names: Climbing Devils Claw, Devils-claw, Cockspur, Pull-and-Hold-Back, Old-hook, Garabato Prieto, Pullback
Oleaceae Olive Family
Forestiera angustifolia Torr Synonyms: Forestiera puberula, Forestiera texana
Common Names: Elbow Bush, Texas Swampprivet, Narrow-leaf Forestiera, Desert Olive, Panalero, Chaparral Blanco
Fraxinus berlandieriana Synonyms:
Common Names: Mexican Ash, Berlandier Ash, Rio Grande Ash
Onagraceae Evening-Primrose Family
Ludwigia octovalvis (Jacq.) P.H. Raven Synonyms:
Common Names: Mexican Primrose Willow, Narrow-leaf Water Primrose, Primrose
Oenothera curtiflora Synonyms: Gaura mollis, Gaura parviflora
Common Names: Velvetweed, Velvetleaf Gaura, Lizard-tail Gaura, Willow Gaura
Oenothera speciosa Nutt. Synonyms: Hartmannia speciosa, Oenothera delessertiana, Oenothera speciosa var. childsii
Common Names: Pink Evening Primrose, Showy Evening Primrose, Mexican Evening Primrose, Pink Ladies, Buttercups, Pink Buttercups, Primrose
Oxalidaceae Wood-Sorrel Family
Oxalis stricta L. Synonyms: Ceratoxalis coloradensis, Ceratoxalis cymosa, Oxalis bushii, Oxalis coloradensis, Oxalis cymosa, Oxalis europaea, Oxalis europaea var. bushii, Oxalis europaea var. rufa, Oxalis fontana, Oxalis fontana var. bushii, Oxalis interior, Oxalis rufa, Oxalis stricta var. decumbens, Oxalis stricta var. piletocarpa, Oxalis stricta var. rufa, Oxalis stricta var. villicaulis, Xanthoxalis bushii, Xanthoxalis coloradensis, Xanthoxalis cymosa, Xanthoxalis dillenii var. piletocarpa, Xanthoxalis interior, Xanthoxalis rufa, Xanthoxalis stricta, Xanthoxalis stricta var. piletocarpa
Common Names: Yellow Wood Sorrel, Lemon Clover, Yellow Oxalis, Wood Sorrel
Papaveraceae Poppy Family
Argemone mexicana Synonyms: Argemone leiocarpa
Common Names: Mexican Poppy, Mexican Pricklypoppy, Prickly Poppy
Argemone sanguinea Greene Synonyms: Argemone platyceras var. rosea
Common Names: Red Pricklypoppy, Rose Prickly poppy, Red Prickly Poppy
Passifloraceae Passion-Flower Family
Passiflora lutea Synonyms:
Common Names: Yellow Passion Vine
Phytolaccaceae Pokeweed Family
Petiveria alliacea Synonyms: Petiveria alliacea var. grandifolia Moq., Petiveria alliacea var. octandra (L.) Moq., Petiveria corrientina Rojas, Petiveria hexandria Sessé & Moc, Petiveria ochroleuca Moq., Petiveria octandra L., Petiveria paraguayensis D. Parodi
Common Names: Guinea Hen Weed, Congo Root, Guinea Weed, Garlic Weed, Ajillo; Anamú; Apacina; Epasina; Hierba Gallinita; Hierba Zorrillo; Hoja de Zorrillo; Ipasina; Mapurite; Pipí; Zorrillo, Carricillo Silvestre;Japachumi
Phaulothamnus spinescens A. Gray Synonyms:
Common Names: Snake-eyes, Putia, Devilqueen
Rivina humilis L. Synonyms:
Common Names: Pigeonberry, Rouge plant, Baby Peppers, Coralito, Dogs Blood, Inflammation Weed, Baja Tripa
Plumbaginaceae Leadwort Family
Limonium carolinianum Synonyms: Limonium nashii, Limonium obtusilobum
Common Names: Sea-Lavender, Carolina Sea-Lavender, American Thrift, Canker Root, Marsh Root, Marsh Rosemary, Seaside Thrift
Plumbago scandens L. Synonyms:
Common Names: Plumbago, Doctorbush, Summer Snow Plumbago, Mexican Plumbago
Polygonaceae Buckwheat Family
Polygonum pensylvanicum L. Synonyms: Persicaria bicornis, Persicaria longistyla, Persicaria mississippiensis, Persicaria pensylvanica, Persicaria pensylvanica var. dura, Polygonum bicorne, Polygonum longistylum, Polygonum longistylum var. omissum, Polygonum mexicanum, Polygonum mississippiense var. interius, Polygonum pensylvanicum var. durum, Polygonum pensylvanicum var. eglandulosum, Polygonum pensylvanicum var. genuinum, Polygonum pensylvanicum var. laevigatum, Polygonum pensylvanicum var. rosiflorum
Common Names: Pink Smartweed, Pensylvania Smartweed, Smartweed
Rumex chrysocarpus Moris Synonyms: Rumex berlandieri
Common Names: Golden Fruited Dock, Amamastla
Pontederiaceae Water-Hyacinth Family
Heteranthera limosa Synonyms: Pontederia limosa
Common Names: Blue Mud Plantain, Mud Babbies
Primulaceae Primrose Family
Samolus valerandi L. ssp. parviflorus (Raf.) Hultén Synonyms: Samolus floribundus, Samolus parviflorus
Common Names: Thin-leaf Brookweed, Seaside Brookweed, Water Pimpernel, Brookweed, Pineland Pimpernel
Anagallis arvensis L. Synonyms:
Common Names: Scarlet Pimpernel
Ranunculaceae Buttercup Family
Clematis drummondii Torr. & A. Gray Synonyms:
Common Names: Old Man’s Beard, Drummond’s Clematis, Texas Virgin’s Bower, Goat’s Beard
Rhamnaceae Buckthorn Family
Condalia hookeri M.C. Johnst. Synonyms:
Common Names: Brasil, Brazilian Bluewood, Bluewood Condalia, Brasilwood, Bluewood, Logwood, Purple haw, Capul negro
Karwinskia humboldtiana (Schult.) Zucc. Synonyms:
Common Names: Coyotillo, Tullidora, Humboldt Coyotillo
Ziziphus obtusifolia (Hook. ex Torr. & A. Gray) A. Gray Synonyms:
Common Names: Lotebush, Lote-bush condalia, Graythorn, Gumdrop Tree, Texas Buckthorn
Rosaceae Rose Family
Rubus riograndis Synonyms: Rubus duplaris, Rubus trivialis var. duplaris
Common Names: Dewberry, Zarzamora, Rio Grande Dewberry, Rio Grande Blackberry
Rubiaceae Madder Family
Chiococca alba (L.) Hitchc. Synonyms: Chiococca racemosa, Lonicera alba
Common Names: Davids Milkberry, Snowberry, Milkberry, Davids Root, Perlilla, Canica, Cahinca, Cainea, Caninara, Aceitillo, Madreselva, Lagrimas de San Pedro, Lagrimas de Maria, Oreja de Raton, Suelda, Consuelda, Bejuco de Berac, Bejuco de Berraco, Xcanchac-che, West Indian Milkberry, West Indian Snowberry
Galium aparine Synonyms:
Common Names: Cleavers, Stickywilly, Goosegrass, Catchweed, Bedstraw
Randia rhagocarpa Synonyms:
Common Names: Crucillo
Rutaceae Rue Family
Amyris madrensis S. Watson Synonyms:
Common Names: Mountain Torchwood, Shrub Amyris, Torchwood, Chapotillo, Mexican Amyris, Sierra Madre Torchwood
Esenbeckia berlandieri Baill. ex Hemsl. Synonyms: Esenbeckia runyonii Morton
Common Names: Berlandier’s Jopoy, Berlandier jopoy, Jopoy, Berlandier esenbeckia, Runyon Esenbeckia
Zanthoxylum fagara Synonyms:
Common Names: Colima, Lime Prickly Ash, Wild Lime, Una de Gato, Corriosa
Salicaceae Willow Family
Salix nigra Marshall Synonyms: Salix ambigua, Salix denudata, Salix dubia, Salix falcata, Salix flavovirens, Salix ligustrina, Salix ludoviciana, Salix nigra var. altissima, Salix nigra var. brevifolia, Salix nigra var. brevijulis, Salix nigra var. falcata, Salix nigra var. lindheimeri, Salix nigra var. longifolia, Salix nigra var. marginata, Salix purshiana
Common Names: Black Willow, Gulf Black Willow, Swamp Willow, Sauz, Willow Catkins
Sapindaceae Soapberry Family
Sapindus saponaria Synonyms: Sapindus drummondii
Common Names: Western Soapberry,Soapberry, Wild china tree, Wild chinaberry, Indian soap plant, Jaboncillo
Cardiospermum halicacabum Synonyms:
Common Names: Balloon Vine, Love-in-a-puff, Heart pea, Heartseed
Sapotaceae Sapodilla Family
Sideroxylon celastrina Synonyms:
Common Names: Coma, Saffron Plum, Coma Saffron Plum, La Coma, Milk Buckthorn, Tropical Buckthorn, Downward Plum, Antswood
Sideroxylon lanuginosum Synonyms:
Common Names: Gum Bumelia, Chittamwood, Gum Elastic Buckthorn, Gum Bully, Woollybucket Bumelia, Wolly Buckthorn
Scrophularia Figwort Family
Capraria mexicana Synonyms:
Common Names: Mexican Capraria
Scrophulariaceae Figwort Family
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell Synonyms:
Common Names: Coastal Water Hyssop, Herb of Grace, Brahmi
Leucophyllum frutescens Synonyms: Terania frutescens
Common Names: Cenizo, Purple sage, Texas Ranger, Texas Barometer Bush, Texas Silverleaf, Texas Sage, Silverleaf, Senisa, Cenicilla
Stemodia lanata Sessé & Moc. ex Benth. Synonyms: Stemodia tomentosa
Common Names: Woolly Stemodia, Gray-woolly Twintip
Simaroubaceae Quassia-Wood Family
Castela erecta subsp. texana C. texana Synonyms: Castela texana, Castela tortuosa
Common Names: Goatbush, Amargosa, Allthorn, Allthorn Castela, Bisbirinda, Texas Goat-bush, Chaparro Amargosa
Smilacaceae Greenbrier Family
Smilax bona-nox L Synonyms: Smilax bona-nox var. exauriculata, Smilax bona-nox var. hastata, Smilax bona-nox var. hederifolia
Common Names: Saw Greenbrier, Catbrier, Bullbrier
Solanaceae Potato Family
Capsicum annuum L. Synonyms:
Common Names: Chile pequin, Chile petin, Bird pepper, Turkey pepper , Cayenne pepper
Lycium berlandieri Dunal Synonyms:
Common Names: Berlandiers Wolfberry, Wolfberry
Nicotiana glauca Graham Synonyms:
Common Names: Tree Tobacco
Nicotiana repanda Willd. ex Lehm. Synonyms:
Common Names: Fiddleleaf Tobacco, Fiddle-Leaf Tobacco
Physalis mollis var. variovestita Synonyms:
Common Names: Field Groundcherry
Solanum americanum Synonyms: Solanum americanum var. nodiflorum, Solanum americanum var. patulum, Solanum caribaeum, Solanum fistulosum, Solanum hermannii, Solanum linnaeanum, Solanum nigrum var. americanum, Solanum nigrum var. virginicum, Solanum nodiflorum, Solanum sodomeum
Common Names: American Nightshade, Black Nightshade, Deadly Nightshade
Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav. Synonyms:
Common Names: Silverleaf Nightshade, Silver-leaf Nightshade, White Horse Nettle, Trompillo, Tomato Weed
Solanum erianthum Synonyms: Solanum erianthum var. adulterinum, Solanum verbascifolium
Common Names: Potato Tree, Mullein Nightshade, Velvet Nightshade, Salvadora
Solanum lycopersicum var. cerstiforme Synonyms:
Common Names: Cherry Tomato
Solanum tampicense Synonyms: Solanum houstonii
Common Names: Scrambling Nightshade, Aquatic Soda Apple, Wetland nightshade
Sterculiaceae Chocolate Family
Ayenia limitaris Cristóbal Synonyms:
Common Names: Texas Ayenia, Rio Grande Ayenia, Tamaulipan Kidneypetal
Tamaricaceae Tamarisk Family
Tamarix ramosissima Synonyms:
Common Names: Saltcedar
Ulmaceae Elm Family
Celtis laevigata Willd. Synonyms: Celtis douglasii, Celtis occidentalis var. reticulata, Celtis reticulata, Celtis reticulata var. vestita
Common Names: Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Sugarberry, Southern Hackberry, Lowland Hackberry, Hackberry, Palo Blanco
Celtis pallida Synonyms: Celtis ehrenbergiana (Klotzsch) Liebm., Celtis spinosa var. pallida, Celtis tala var. pallida, Momisia pallida
Common Names: Spiny Hackberry, Desert Hackberry, Granjeno, Granjeno Huasteco, Chaparral, Capul, Garabata
Ulmus crassifolia Synonyms:
Common Names: Cedar Elm
Verbenaceae Verbena Family
Aloysia gratissima (Gillies & Hook.) Troncoso Synonyms:
Common Names: Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common Bee-brush, Privet Lippia, Jazminillo, Quebradora, Vara Dulce, Hierba de la Princesa, Chaparro Blanco
Aloysia macrostachya (Torr.) Synonyms:
Common Names: Sweet-stem, Vara Dulce, Wooly Beebrush, Cedron de Castilla
Citharexylum berlandieri Synonyms:
Common Names: Fiddlewood, Negrito, Berlandier fiddlewood, Tamaulipan Fiddlewood
Glandularia polyantha Umber Synonyms: Verbena ciliata var. longidentata, Verbena polyantha
Common Names: Rio Grande Mock Vervain
Lantana achyranthifolia Desf. Synonyms: Lantana macropoda,
Common Names: Desert Lantana, Hierba Negra, Mexican Marjoram,Veinyleaf Lantana, Mejorana
Lantana camara L Synonyms: Lantana aculeata L
Common Names: West Indian Lantana, Lantana
Lantana canescens Kunth Synonyms: Goniostachyum citrosum, Lantana microcephala
Common Names: Hammock Lantana, Hammock Shrubverbena
Lantana urticoides Hayek Synonyms: Lantana hispida, Lantana horrida, Lantana horrida var. latibracteata, Lantana notha, Lantana scorta, Lantana urticoides var. hispidula
Common Names: Texas Lantana, Calico Bush, West Indian Shrubverbena
Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene Synonyms: Lippia incisa, Lippia nodiflora, Lippia nodiflora var. reptans, Lippia reptans, Phyla incisa, Phyla nodiflora var. incisa, Phyla nodiflora var. longifolia, Phyla nodiflora var. nodiflora, Phyla nodiflora var. repens, Phyla nodiflora var. reptans, Phyla nodiflora var. rosea
Common Names: Texas Frogfruit, Turkey Tangle Fogfruit, Frogfruit, Sawtooth Frogfruit, Purple Lippia
Verbena halei Small Synonyms: Verbena officinalis ssp. halei
Common Names: Texas Vervain, Slender Verbena, Texas Verbena, Slender Vervain,, Vervain
Lippia Alba Mill. Synonyms: Lantana alba, Lippia geminata
Common Names: Brushy Lippa, Bushy Matgrass, Hierba Negra, Pitiona, Oaxaca Lemon Verbena, Pronto Alivio, Juanilama, Mastrante
Viscaceae Christmas Mistletoe Family
Phoradendron tomentosum Synonyms: Phoradendron flavescens var. pubescens, Phoradendron serotinum var. pubescens
Common Names: Mistletoe, Christmas Mistletoe, Injerto
Vitaceae Grape Family
Cissus trifoliata Synonyms: Cissus incisa, Sicyos trifoliatus
Common Names: Marine Ivy, Grape Ivy, Possum Grape, Cow-itch Vine, Sorrelvine, Arizona Grape Ivy
Nekemias arborea (L.) J. Wen & Boggan Synonyms: Ampelopsis arborea, Ampelopsis bipinnata Michx., Ampelopsis pinnata DC., Cissus arborea (L.) Des Moul., Cissus bipinnata Elliott, Cissus orientalis Lam., Cissus stans Pers., Hedera arborea (L.) Walter, Nekemias bipinnata Raf., Vitis arborea L., Vitis bipinnata Torr. & A.Gray, and Vitis orientalis (Lam.) Boiss
Common Names: Pepper Vine
Zygophyllaceae Creosote-Bush Family
Guaiacum angustifolium Synonyms: Porlieria angustifolia
Common Names: Guayacan, Guajacum, Soapbush, Texas Porlieria


Plants of the Rio Grande Valley Database
HOME PAGE

LIST ALL COMMON NAMES

LIST GENUS SPECIES & SYNONYMS

COMMON NAME WITH IMAGES

GENUS SPECIES WITH IMAGES

LIST BY FAMILY

SORT BY GROWING HABIT

SEARCH

EDIBLE PLANTS

ATTRACTS BUTTERFLIES

ATTRACTS BIRDS

DEER BROWSE

DEER RESISTANT

HORSES BROWSE

CATTLE BROWSE

TOXIC TO HORSES

TOXIC TO CATTLE

HELP IDENTIFY

CONTACT


This website utilizes a flat file text based database designed and written by John Wagman.
For permission to use photographs contact John Wagman
All rights reserved. © 2016 - 2017 John Wagman