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NAMES
Family Boraginaceae (Borage Family)
Genus Species Ehretia anacua (Terán & Berl.) I.M. Johnst
Synonyms Ehretia elliptica, Gaza anacua
Common Names Anacua, Sugarberry Anacua, Anaqua, Anacahuita, Knockaway, Knackaway, Sandpaper tree, Manzanita, Manzanillo, Tlalahuacate
Etymology The name Anacua is from Anacahuite, a Mexican name for this and related species. That word is from two others of the Nahuatl language of the Aztecs meaning paper (amatl) and tree (cuahuitl), perhaps referring to the scaly peeling bark. The English name Knockaway is a corruption from the same source. [1]
Names Comments
Names Notes
DESCRIPTION
Duration evergreen or partly deciduous northward tree,
Habit Tree
Size 20-50 ft
Leaves 4 1/2 inches long, mostly smaller, ovate or narrower, upper surface rough, margins smooth, tip pointed. Dark Green. The new leaves are actually soft and a little bit velvety, the rough sandpaper texture develops and increases as the leaf matures.
Leaf Retention
Flowers clusters at the ends of the branchlets, fragrant, hermaphrodite,
Flower Colors white,
Bloom Time Spring, Summer, Fall
Fruit fleshy, spherical, up to 5/16 inch in diameter, orange to dark yellow, yellow to red two-seeded berries., about 8mm (0.315 inches) in diamete
Seeds this species has four-seeded drupe [10]
Thorns or Spines
Stems and Trunk often with suckers or multiple trunks
Bark Older trees have reddish, flaking bark and gnarled, stocky appearance. [1]
Roots
Similar To
Description Comments
Description Notes
LOCATION
Distribution
County Cameron, Hidalgo, Willacy, Starr
USDA Profile EHAN
USDA Hardy Zone
Native to Area Central. & South TX, south to Chiapas in southern Mexico
RGV Sightings
On Display
Location Comments
Location Notes Resaca de la Palma State Park, Cameron, Rio Grande Valley, Texas
PROPAGATION
Water Requirement Low
Light Requirement Sun , Part Shade, It does not grow in full shade
Soil Moisture Dry
Soil Type .Well-drained, alkaline soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay.
Habitat Thickets, Open woodlands, Chaparral & brush country, Fence rows
Propagation Comments Germinates readily from fresh seed, however germination rates are more uniform if the seed has been stratified. Will root from juvenile wood, suckers or softwood cuttings. Seed Collection: Gather seeds in late summer when fruit has turned orange or reddish. Pulp may be removed or dried on seeds. Store dried seeds in sealed, refrigerated containers. Seed Treatment: Stratify in moist sand for 30 days at 41 degrees. [1]
Propagation Notes
USES Attractive, Aromatic, Showy, Blooms ornamental. Deep shade; spring blooms look like the tree is covered with snow; unusual mature trunks look like several corded trunks have been bound together. [1]
Commercial
Ornamental
Garden
Hedges
Lawn
Exotic
Uses Comments Quite popular as an indoor bonsai. Ehretia anacua, a recent addition to bonsai, is more resistant to heat and drought [1]
LEGAL STATUS
Invasive
Pest
Endangered
Legal Notes
ETHNOBOTANY The Anacua tree has many branches that bear berries that are good for a cough. [Petra’s Legacy: The South Texas Ranching Empire of Petra Vela and Mifflin Kenedy]

Properties: Astringent, antiseptic, sedative, analgesic, antipyretic, febrifuge. Used to treat: Ringworm, fungal problems, rough skin, boils, abscesses, fever, excitability. [Antonio Noe Zavaleta, PH.D., MEDICINAL PLANTS OF THE BORDERLANDS: A Bilingual Resource Guide]

Ehretia anacua (Terán & Berland.) I. M. Johnst., MG 322 Anacua Leaves for Bunions and dewclaws [Ethnobotany in Rayones, Nuevo Leon, Mexico researchgate.net]
Folk Wisdom
Edible fruit is edible, Yellowish orange fruit are sweet and good for jams
Symbolism or Ceremonial
Poisonous
Fuel
Construction
Wood served for fenceposts and tool handles
Fibers
Oil
Soap
Wax
Dye
Chemicals
Solvents
Adhesives
Reactants
Fluids
Alcohol
Fragrance
Utility Comments
Utility Notes
DOMESTIC ANIMAL USE
Horses
Cattle
Sheep
Goat
Swine
Domestic Animal Comments
Domestic Animal Notes
WILDLIFE USE consume the fruit, Fruits attract mammals.
Deer
Predators
Small Mammals
Rodents
Birds Fruits attract numerous birds.
Butterflies
Insects Blossoms attract honeybees. Nectar-insects, The exclusive host for larvae and adults of the Anacua Tortoise Beetle (Coptocycla texana). [1]
Reptiles
Worms
Wildlife Notes
Wildlife Comments
Field Notes
References [1] Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Merremia dissecta id_plant=EHAN Retrieved 02/03/2016
[10] Alfred Richardson & Ben King 2011 Texas A&M University Press, Plants of Deep South Texas; pp 143.
Photography Credits John Wagman 02/04/2016
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Contributors
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Family: Boraginaceae (Borage Family)
Genus Species: Ehretia anacua (Terán & Berl.) I.M. Johnst
Synonyms: Ehretia elliptica, Gaza anacua
Common Names: Anacua, Sugarberry Anacua, Anaqua, Anacahuita, Knockaway, Knackaway, Sandpaper tree, Manzanita, Manzanillo, Tlalahuacate


Images of Ehretia anacua (Terán & Berl.) I.M. Johnst










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